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Chapter 17: Of the Perseverance of the Saints (II)

II.  This perseverance of the saints depends not upon their own free will, but upon the immutability of the decree of election, flowing from the free and unchangeable love of God the Father;(a) upon the efficacy of the merit and intercession of Jesus Christ,(b) the abiding of the Spirit, and of the seed of God within them,(c) and the nature of the covenant of grace:(d) from all which arises also the certainty and the infallibility thereof.(e)

(a) 2 Timothy 2:18 19; Jeremiah 31:3
(b) Hebrews 10:10, 14, 20, 21; Hebrews 9:12-15; Romans 8:33-39; John 17:11, 24; Luke 22:32; Hebrews 7:25
(c) John 14:16, 17; 1 John 2:27; 1 John 3:9
(d) Jeremiah 32:40
(e) John 10:28; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 1 John 2:19

 

Chapter 10: Of Effectual Calling (IV)

IV. Others, not elected, although they may be called by the ministry of the Word,(a) and may have some common operations of the Spirit,(b) yet they never truly come unto Christ, and therefore cannot be saved:(c) much less can men, not professing the Christian religion, be saved in any other way whatsoever, be they never so diligent to frame their lives according to the light of nature, and the laws of that religion they do profess.(d) And to assert and maintain that they may, is very pernicious, and to be detested.(e)

(a) Matthew 22:14
(b) Matthew 7:22; Matthew 13:20, 21; Hebrews 6:4, 5
(c) John 6:64-65; John 8:24
(d) Acts 4:12; John 14:6; Ephesians 2:12; John 4:22; John 17:3
(e) 2 John 1:9-11; 1 Corinthians 16:22; Galatians 1:6-8

 

Chapter 10: Of Effectual Calling (III)

III. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated, and saved by Christ, through the Spirit,(a) who works when, and where, and how He pleases:(b) so also are all other elect persons who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.(c)

(a) Luke 18:15, 16; Acts 2:38, 39; John 3:3, 5; 1 John 5:12; Romans 8:9
(b) John 3:8
(c) 1 John 5:12; Acts 4:12

 

Chapter 10: Of Effectual Calling (II)

II. This effectual call is of God’s free and special grace alone, not from anything at all foreseen in man,(a) who is altogether passive therein, until, being quickened and renewed by the Holy Spirit,(b) he is thereby enabled to answer this call, and to embrace the grace offered and conveyed in it.(c)

(a) 2 Timothy 1:9; Titus 3:4, 5; Ephesians 2:4, 5, 8; Romans 9:11
(b) 1 Corinthians 2:14; Romans 8:7; Ephesians 2:5
(c) John 6:37; Ezekiel 36:37; John 5:25

Chapter 10: Of Effectual Calling (I)

I. All those whom God hath predestinated unto life, and those only, He is pleased, in His appointed time, effectually to call,(a) by His Word and Spirit,(b) out of that state of sin and death, in which they are by nature to grace and salvation, by Jesus Christ;(c) enlightening their minds spiritually and savingly to understand the things of God,(d) taking away their heart of stone, and giving unto them an heart of flesh;(e) renewing their wills, and, by His almighty power,  determining them to that which is good,(f) and effectually drawing them to Jesus Christ;(g) yet so, as they come most freely, being made willing by His grace.(h)

(a) Romans 8:30; Romans 11:7; Ephesians 1:10, 11
(b) 2 Thessalonians 2:13, 14; 2 Corinthians 3:3, 6
(c) Romans 8:2; Ephesians 2:1-5; 2 Timothy 1:9, 10
(d) Acts 26:18; 1 Corinthians 2:10, 12; Ephesians 1:17, 18
(e) Ezekiel 36:26
(f) Ezekiel 11:19; Philippians 2:13; Deuteronomy 30:6; Ezekiel 36:27
(g) Ephesians 1:19; John 6:44, 45
(h) Song of Solomon 1:4; Psalm 110:3; John 6:37; Romans 6:16-18

Chapter 9: Of Free Will (V)

Chapter 9: Of Free Will (IV)

IV. When God converts a sinner, and translates him into the state of grace, He frees him from his natural bondage under sin;(a) and, by His grace alone, enables him freely to will and to do that which is spiritually good;(b) yet so, as that by reason of his remaining corruption, he does not perfectly, or only, will that which is good, but does all will that which is evil.(c)

(a) Colossians 1:13; John 8:34, 36
(b) Philippians 2:13; Romans 6:18, 22
(c) Galatians 5:17; Romans 7:15, 18, 19, 21, 23

Chapter 9: Of Free Will (III)

III. Man, by his fall into a state of sin, has wholly lost all ability of will to any spiritual good accompanying salvation;(a) so as, a natural man, being altogether averse from that good,(b) and dead in sin,(c) is not able, by his own strength, to convert himself, or to prepare himself thereunto.(d)

(a) Romans 5:6; Romans 8:7; John 15:5
(b) Romans 3:10, 12
(c) Ephesians 2:1, 5; Colossians 2:13
(d) John 6:44, 65; Ephesians 2:2-5; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Titus 3:3-5

Chapter 9: Of Free Will (II)

II. Man, in his state of innocency, had freedom, and power to will and to do that which was good and well pleasing to God;(a) but yet, mutably, so that he might fall from it.(b)

(a) Ecclesiastes 7:29; Genesis 1:26
(b) Genesis 2:16, 17; Genesis 3:6

Chapter 9: Of Free Will (I)

I. God has endued the will of man with that natural liberty, that is neither forced, nor, by any absolute necessity of nature, determined good or evil.(a)

(a) Matthew 17:12; James 1:14; Deuteronomy 30:19

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