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Martin Luther on justification by faith

February 26, 2014 1 comment

This doctrine can never be discussed and taught enough. If it is lost and perishes, the whole knowledge of truth, life, and salvation is lost and perishes at the same time. But if it flourishes, everything good flourishes—religion, true worship, the glory of God, and the right knowledge of all things and of all social conditions. There is clear and present danger that the devil may take away from us the pure doctrine of faith and may substitute for it the doctrines of works and of human traditions. It is very necessary, therefore, that this doctrine of faith be continually read and heard in public.

Martin Luther, in the preface to his commentary on Galatians

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Chapter 11: Of Justification (VI)

VI. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament.(a)

(a) Galatians 3:9, 13, 14; Romans 4:22-24; Hebrews 13:8

Chapter 11: Of Justification (V)

V. God does continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified;(a) and although they can never fall from the state of justification,(b) yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.(c)

(a) Matthew 6:12; 1 John 1:7, 9; 1 John 2:1, 2
(b) Luke 22:32; John 10:28; Hebrews 10:14
(c) Psalm 89:31-33; Psalm 51:7-12; Psalm 32:5; Matthew 26:75; 1 Corinthians 11:30, 32; Luke 1:20

 

Chapter 11: Of Justification (IV)

IV. God did, from all eternity, decree to justify all the elect,(a) and Christ did, in the fullness of time, die for their sins, and rise again for their justification:(b) nevertheless, they are not justified, until the Holy Spirit does, in due time, actually apply Christ unto them.(c)

(a) Galatians 3:8; 1 Peter 1:2, 19, 20; Romans 8:30
(b) Galatians 4:4; 1 Timothy 2:6; Romans 4:25
(c) Colossians 1:21, 22; Galatians 2:16; Titus 3:4-7

 

Chapter 11: Of Justification (III)

III. Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully discharge the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real and full satisfaction to His Father’s justice in their behalf.(a) Yet, in as much as He was given by the Father for them;(b) and His obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead;(c) and both, freely, not for any thing in them; their justification is only of free grace;(d) that both the exact justice, and rich grace of God might be glorified in the justification of sinners.(e)

(a) Romans 5:8-10, 19; 1 Timothy 2:5, 6; Hebrews 10:10, 14; Daniel 9:24, 26; Isaiah 53:4-6, 10-12
(b) Romans 8:32
(c) 2 Corinthians 5:21; Matthew 3:17; Ephesians 5:2
(d) Romans 3:24; Ephesians 1:7
(e) Romans 3:26; Ephesians 2:7

 

Chapter 11: Of Justification (II)

II. Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and His righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification:(a) yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but works by love.(b)

(a) John 1:12; Romans 3:28; Romans 5:1
(b) James 2:17, 22, 26; Galatians 5:6

Chapter 11: Of Justification (I)

I. Those whom God effectually calls, He also freely justifies;(a) not by infusing righteousness into them, but by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting their persons as righteous; not for any thing wrought in them, or done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone; nor by imputing faith itself, the act of believing, or any other evangelical obedience to them, as their righteousness; but by imputing the obedience and satisfaction of Christ unto them,(b) they receiving and resting on Him and His righteousness by faith; which faith they have not of themselves, it is the gift of God.(c)

(a) Romans 8:30; Romans 3:24
(b) Romans 4:5-8; 2 Corinthians 5:19, 21; Romans 3:22, 24, 25, 27, 28; Titus 3:5, 7; Ephesians 1:7; Jeremiah 23:6; 1 Corinthians 1:30, 31; Romans 5:17-19
(c) Acts 10:44; Galatians 2:16; Philippians 3:9; Acts 13:38, 39; Ephesians 2:7, 8

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