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Chapter 19: Of the Law of God (V)

February 23, 2014 Leave a comment

V. The moral law does forever bind all, as well justified persons as other, to the obedience thereof;(a) and that, not only in regard of the matter contained in it, but also in respect of the authority of God the Creator, who gave it.(b) Neither does Christ, in the Gospel, any way dissolve, but much strengthen this obligation.(c)

(a) Romans 13:8-10; 1 John 2:3, 4, 7, 8
(b) James 2:10, 11
(c) Matthew 5:17-19; James 2:8; Romans 3:31

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Chapter 19: Of the Law of God (IV)

February 23, 2014 Leave a comment

IV. To them also, as a body politic, He gave sundry judicial laws, which expired together with the State of that people; not obliging under any now, further than the general equity thereof may require.(a)

(a) Exodus 21-22; Genesis 49:10; 1 Peter 2:13, 14; Matthew 5:17, 38, 39; 1 Corinthians 9:8-10

Chapter 19: Of the Law of God (III)

February 23, 2014 Leave a comment

III. Besides this law, commonly called moral, God was pleased to give to the people of Israel, as a church under age, ceremonial laws, containing several typical ordinances, partly of worship, prefiguring Christ, His graces, actions, sufferings, and benefits;(a) and partly, holding forth diverse instructions of moral duties.(b) All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated, under the New Testament.(c)

(a) Matthew 22:37-39
(b) Hebrews 9; Hebrews 10:1; Galatians 4:1, 3; Colossians 2:17
(c) Colossians 2:14, 16, 17; Daniel 9:27; Ephesians 2:15, 16

The 10 Principles of a Reformed Apologetic

January 2, 2014 2 comments
  1. The faith that we are defending must begin with, and necessarily include, the triune God–Father, Son, and Holy Spirit–who, as God, condescends to create and to redeem.
  2. God’s covenantal revelation is authoritative by virtue of what is is, and any covenantal, Christian apologetic, will necessarily stand on and utilize that authority in order to defend Christianity.
  3. It is the truth of God’s revelation, together with the work of the Holy Spirit, that brings about a covenantal change from one who is in Adam to one who is in Christ.
  4. Man (male and female) as image of God is in covenant with the triune God for eternity.
  5. All people know the triune God, and that knowledge entails covenantal obligations.
  6. Those who are and remain in Adam suppress the truth that they know. Those who are in Christ see that truth for what it is.
  7. There is an absolute, covenantal antithesis between Christian theism and any other, opposing position. Thus, Christianity is true and anything opposing it is false.
  8. Suppression of the truth, like the depravity of sin, is total but not absolute Thus, every unbelieving position will necessarily have within it ideas, concepts, notions, and the like that it has taken and wrenched from their true Christian context.
  9. The true, covenantal knowledge of God in man, together with God’s universal mercy, allows for persuasion in apologetics.
  10. Every fact and experience is what it is by virtue of the covenantal, all-controlling plan and purpose of God.

Taken from Oliphint, K. Scott. Covenantal Apologetics: Principles & Practice in Defense of Our Faith. Wheaton: Crossway, 2013. 47-55.

Chapter 19: Of the Law of God (II)

October 21, 2013 Leave a comment

II. This law, after his fall, continue to be a perfect rule of righteousness; and, as such, was deliverable by God upon Mount Sinai, in ten commandments, and written in two tables:(a) the first four commandments containing our duty towards God; and the other six, our duty to man.(b)

(a) James 1:25; James 2:8, 10-12; Romans 13:8, 9; Deuteronomy 5:32; Deuteronomy 10:4; Exodus 24:1
(b) Matthew 22:37-40

Chapter 19: Of the Law of God (I)

October 21, 2013 Leave a comment

I. God gave to Adam a law, as a covenant of works, by which He bound him and all his posterity, to personal, entire, exact, and perpetual obedience, promised life upon the fulfilling, and threatened death upon the breach of it, and endued him with power and ability to keep it.(a)

(a) Genesis 1:26, 27; Genesis 2:17; Romans 2:14, 15; Romans 10:5; Romans 5:12, 19; Galatians 3:10, 12; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Job 28:28

 

Chapter 18: Of Assurance of Grace and Salvation (IV)

October 20, 2013 Leave a comment

IV. True believers may have the assurance of their salvation diverse ways shaken, diminished, and intermitted; as, by negligence in preserving it, by falling into some special sin which wounds the conscience and grieves the Spirit; by some sudden or vehement temptation, by God’s withdrawing the light of his countenance, and suffering even such as fear Him to walk in darkness and have no light:(a) yet are they never so utterly destitute of that seed of God, and life of faith, that love of Christ and the brethren, that sincerity of heart, and conscience of duty, out of which, by the operation of the Spirit, this assurance may, in due time, be revived;(b) and by the which, in the mean time, they are supported from utter despair.(c)

(a) Song of Solomon 5:2, 3, 6; Psalm 51:8, 12, 14; Ephesians 4:30, 31; Psalm 77:1-10; Matthew 26:69-72; Psalm 31:22; Psalm 88; Isaiah 50:10
(b) 1 John 3:9; Luke 22:32; Job 13:15; Psalm 73:15; Psalm 51:8, 12; Isaiah 50:10
(c) Micah 7:7-9; Jeremiah 32:40; Isaiah 54:7-10; Psalm 22:1; Psalm 88

Chapter 18: Of Assurance of Grace and Salvation (III)

October 19, 2013 1 comment

III. This infallible assurance does not so belong to the essence of faith, but that a true believer may wait long, and conflict with many difficulties, before he be partaker of it:(a) yet, being freely enabled by the Spirit to know the things which are freely given him of God, he may, without extraordinary revelation in the right use of ordinary means, attain thereunto.(b) And therefore it is the duty of every one to give all diligence to make his calling and election sure,(c) that thereby his heart may be enlarged in peace and joy in the Holy Ghost, in love and thankfulness to God, and in strength and cheerfulness in the duties of obedience,(d) the proper fruits of this assurance; so far is it from inclining men to looseness.(e)

(a) 1 John 5:13; Isaiah 1:10; Mark 9:24; see Psalm 88 and 77
(b) 1 Corinthians 2:12; 1 John 4:13; Hebrews 6:11, 12; Ephesians 3:17-19
(c) 2 Peter 1:10
(d) Romans 5:1, 2, 5; Romans 14:17; Romans 15:13; Ephesians 1:3, 4; Psalm 4:6, 7; Psalm 119:32
(e) 1 John 2:1, 2; Romans 6:1, 2; Titus 2:11, 12, 14; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Romans 8:1, 12; 1 John 3:2, 3; Psalm 130:4; 1 John 1:6, 7

Chapter 18: Of Assurance of Grace and Salvation (II)

October 19, 2013 Leave a comment

II. This certainty is not a bare conjectural and probable persuasion grounded upon a fallible hope;(a) but an infallible assurance of faith grounded upon the divine truth of the promises of salvation,(b) the inward evidence of those graces unto which these promises are made,(c) the testimony of the Spirit of adoption witnessing with our spirits that we are the children of God,(d) which Spirit is the earnest of our inheritance, whereby we are sealed to the day of redemption.(e)

(a) Hebrews 6:11, 19
(b) Hebrews 6:17, 18
(c) 2 Peter 1:4, 5, 10, 11; 1 John 2:3; 1 John 3:14; 2 Corinthians 1:12
(d) Romans 8:15, 16
(e) Ephesians 1:13, 14; Ephesians 4:30; 2 Corinthians 1:21, 22

Chapter 16: Of Good Works (V)

V. We cannot by our best works merit pardon of sin, or eternal life at the hand of God, by reason of the great disproportion that is between them and the glory to come; and the infinite distance that is between us and God, whom, by them, we can neither profit, nor satisfy for the debt of our former sins,(a) but when we have done all we can, we have done but our duty, and are unprofitable servants:(b) and because, as they are good, they proceed from His Spirit,(c) and as they are wrought by us, they are defiled, and mixed with so much weakness and imperfection, that they cannot endure the severity of God’s judgment.(d)

(a) Romans 3:20; Romans 4:2, 4, 6; Ephesians 2:8, 9; Titus 3:5-7; Romans 8:18; Psalm 16:2; Job 22:2, 3; Job 35:7, 8
(b) Luke 17:10
(c) Galatians 5:22, 23
(d) Isaiah 64:6; Galatians 5:17; Romans 7:15, 18; Psalm 143:2; Psalm 130:3

 

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